Strategy Execution: Why Do Excellent Strategies Fail To Deliver?

Consider a CEO facing any of the following strategic imperatives: a new strategy shift, moving into a new market, a breakthrough innovation, a merger or acquisition, downsizing due to industry overcapacity, radical business redesign, a new sales & marketing strategy. In each case the strategic rationale may be sound, the financial logic clear, and the competitive requirements compelling – in other words, the business case is solid. However, the challenge of strategy execution is not.

Strategy execution is the CEO’s greatest challenge and the biggest issue faced by management everywhere in the world. Without execution strategy fails, as it never gets off the ground. As vital as execution is to any business, companies struggle with it all the time. Even more importantly, mastering execution confers the largest competitive advantage, which is the ability to field one’s strategy. But if execution is so important, why do companies struggle with it so much?



The Economist Intelligence Unit conducted a survey in March 2013 of 587 senior executives globally. Fifty-two percent of respondents were C-level executives; the rest came from senior management. The study examined strategy execution with emphasis on the role of the C-suite. When asked to identify the biggest barriers to successful strategy execution at their organization, here is what the respondents had to say.


The Barriers To Strategy Execution (EIU, 2013)

Clearly, these barriers are a mix of issues and the problem of strategy execution may seem overwhelming: lack of change management skills, insufficient resources, poor project management skills, lack of sponsorship, and much more – enough to stop anyone in their tracks. Granted strategy execution is a complex issue, but the solution does not have to be that complicated.



Four elements must be in place for strategy execution to function properly. They include the following:

1. Organizational alignment of the company to the strategy
2. Strategic planning to translate the strategy into frontline action
3. Strategic performance management, and
4. Strategic control

Surprisingly, for many companies these elements are either missing or not working as expected.



As a result, expensive mistakes come up, including the following:

By clicking on each item, you’ll be taken to a short, incisive article to gain a greater understanding of these issues, keeping companies from executing their strategies.

To learn more about strategic execution and the various means available, view our white paper: “Strategic Execution:  Mastering The Challenges.”



The Economist Intelligence Unit, Why Good Strategies Fail: Lessons For The C-Suite, March 2013